VX-7r out of alignment

Misaligned vx-7r – Not really sure what I did but my vx-7r is out of alignment and is picking up interference (voices barely breaking squelch but distinctly talking/dispatch). This pains me as I love this radio and use it EVERYDAY in dual band mode (monitoring two bands with scanning). Thus I broke out this procedure… Will be trying it and reporting back the results.
edit 1: Was able to connect the vx-7r to an fm/am-1200 (ifr-1200) communications service monitor. I was able to adjust the pll loop lock but found an issue in the IFR fm/am 1200 service monitor. yep, no fun. Will be leaving the rest of the setting alone for a bit while I address the IFR-1200.

Alignment of a Yaesu VX-7r

Setting up the vx-7r for the tests/alignment

Set up the test equipment as shown below for transceiver alignment, and apply 8.7 V DC power to the transceiver.

Internal System Alignment Routine
This uses a programmed routine in the transceiver which simplifies many previously complex discrete component settings and adjustments with digitally-controlled settings via front panel buttons and LCD indications.

  1. To begin, set the transceiver to the center of the 50 MHz, 144 MHz, 222 MHz and 430 MHz bands.
  2. Next, select the 430 MHz band, then turn the transceiver off.
  3. Now, press and hold in the MON/F, “link/internet”and 0 buttons (at the same time) while powering the radio on again. The display will show the first setting. Thereafter, the frequencies used during alignment will automatically be set without action by you.
  4. In the alignment process, each adjustment is selected by rotating the DIAL. Alignment is performed by:
  5. Pressing the V/M button;
  6. Injecting a signal of the required frequency and level; then
  7. Pressing the V/M button after a level setting or adjustment is made. This second pressing of the MON/F button stores the entry.
  8. To exit the alignment routine, press the HM/RV button.

After performing the system alignment in its entirety, individual settings can be returned to and adjusted should the need arise. As each vx-7r transceiver is individually optimized at the factory, the precise settings for the transceiver on your bench may be slightly different.

Details on the steps for each procedure as well as the tests
Main Band Alignment
PLL Reference Frequency (PLL REF)

Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the counter frequency to 440.000 (±300 Hz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
430 MHz band Alignment
Squelch Hysteresis Adjustment (HIS SQL)
Rotate the DIAL for minimum squelch hysteresis. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Squelch Preset Threshold (THLD SQL) [86]
Inject a –15.0 dBμ RF signal (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Squelch Preset Tight (TIGH SQL)
Adjust the generator level to –5.0 dBμ, then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
S-Meter S-1 Adjustment (S1 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to –7.0 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
S-Meter Full-Scale Adjustment (S9 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to +19 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Wide-FM S-Meter S-1 Adjustment (S1 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to 0 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±20 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Wide-FM S-Meter Full-Scale Adjustment (S9 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to +20 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±20 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting. The alignment frequency will now be automatically set to 430.000 MHz.
High TX Power Adjustment (HI POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 5.0 W (±0.3 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
L3 Tx Power Adjustment (L3 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 2.5 W (±0.2 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
L2 Tx Power Adjustment (L2 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 1.0 W (±0.1 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.

L1 Tx Power Adjustment (L1 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 50 mW (+50/-30 mW) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
TX Deviation Adjustment (MAX DEV)
Inject a 1 kHz audio tone at a level of 50 mV (rms) to the MIC jack. Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 4.5 kHz (±0.2 kHz) (USA Version: 4.2 kHz (±0.2 kHz)) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 67.0)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (+0.05/-0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 183.5)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 254.1)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
DCS Tx Deviation Adjustment (DCS DEV)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.

Press the MON/F to activate the TX Power and Deviation alignment routine.
The alignment frequency will automatically be set to 440.000 MHz (USA Version: 450.000 MHz).
High TX Power Adjustment (HI POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 5.0 W (±0.3 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
High TX Power Adjustment (L3 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 2.5 W (±0.2 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
High TX Power Adjustment (L2 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 1.0 W (±0.1 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
High TX Power Adjustment (L1 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 50 mW (+50/-30 mW) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
TX Deviation Adjustment (MAX DEV)
Inject a 1 kHz audio tone at a level of 50mV (rms) to the MIC jack. Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 4.5 kHz (±0.2 kHz) (USA Version: 4.2 kHz (±0.1 kHz)) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 67.0)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (+0.05/-0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 183.5)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 254.1)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.5 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
DCS Tx Deviation Adjustment (DCS DEV)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (±0.1 kHz) (USA Version: 0.9 kHz (±0.1 kHz)) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.

Press the BAND button to activate the 50 MHz band internal alignment routine.
The alignment frequency will automatically be set to 52.100 MHz.
50 MHz Band Alignment
Squelch Hysteresis Adjustment (HIS SQL)
Rotate the DIAL for minimum squelch hysteresis. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Squelch Preset Threshold (THLD SQL)
Inject a –15.0 dBμ RF signal (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Squelch Preset Tight (TIGH SQL)
Adjust the generator level to –4.0 dBμ, then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
S-Meter S-1 Adjustment (S1 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to –7.0 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
S-Meter Full-Scale Adjustment (S9 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to +19 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±3.5 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Wide-FM S-Meter S-1 Adjustment (S1 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to 0 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±20 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Wide-FM S-Meter Full-Scale Adjustment (S9 LEVEL)
Adjust the generator level to +20 dBμ (1 kHz tone @ ±20 kHz deviation), then press the V/M button, then press the MON/F button twice. Press the V/M button, then rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
The alignment frequency will now be automatically set to 50.000 MHz.
High TX Power Adjustment (HI POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 5.0 W (±0.3 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
L3 Tx Power Adjustment (L3 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 2.5 W (±0.2 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
L2 Tx Power Adjustment (L2 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 1.0 W (±0.1 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
L1 Tx Power Adjustment (L1 POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 50 mW (+50/-30 mW) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
TX Deviation Adjustment (MAX DEV)
Inject a 1 kHz audio tone at a level of 50mV (rms) to the MIC jack. Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 4.5 kHz (±0.2 kHz) (USA Version: (4.2±0.2 kHz)) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
AM Modulation (AM MOD)
Inject a 1 kHz audio tone at a level of 100 mV (rms) to the MIC jack. Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the modulation for 60% (±10%) by rotating the DIAL, then press and hold in the MON/F button for one second.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 67.0)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (+0.05/-0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 167.9)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (+0.05/-0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
CTCSS Tx Deviation Adjustment (TN 254.1)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (+0.05/-0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
DCS Tx Deviation Adjustment (DCS DEV)
Press the V/M button, then transmit and adjust the deviation for 0.6 kHz (±0.1 kHz) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.
Press the MON/F button to activate the TX Power and Deviation alignment routine.
The alignment frequency will automatically be set to 54.000 MHz.
High TX Power Adjustment (HI POWER)
Transmit, and adjust the output power level for 5.0 W (±0.3 W) by rotating the DIAL, then press the V/M button. Rotate the DIAL to select the next setting.